Understanding Deep Vein Thrombosis: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

a phlebologist examines a patient with varicose veins on his leg Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is a serious medical condition when blood clots form inside one or more deep veins. Although DVT can affect anyone, it is most likely to occur in the lower leg or thigh and can be life-threatening if not detected and treated early. This blog will discuss the causes, symptoms, and complications.

Causes of Deep Vein Thrombosis 

DVT has a variety of causes. Medical conditions that affect blood clotting, such as cancer, can increase the risk of DVT. Surgery, physical trauma, long periods of inactivity, pregnancy, and hormonal medications like birth control pills can also trigger the onset of DVT. Other risk factors for DVT include: 

  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Sitting for long periods
  • Being 60 or older
  • Already have an existing heart condition 
  • Family history of DVT

However, deep vein blood clots can occur without any underlying risk factors and affect people of any age or body type.

Symptoms of Deep Vein Thrombosis 

Swelling and pain in the affected area are the most common symptoms of DVT. Other symptoms include tenderness, redness, and warmth in the area. Unfortunately, many people do not experience any symptoms, making it hard to detect it in time for treatment. Knowing the risk factors for DVT is critical to detecting it when you know your odds of contracting it.

Complications of Deep Vein Thrombosis 

If DVT is not diagnosed and treated quickly, it can lead to complications such as pulmonary embolism and postphlebitic syndrome. Pulmonary embolism, one of the deadliest complications of DVT, occurs when the lungs are blocked by a blood clot that has dislodged and traveled through the bloodstream. Postphlebitic syndrome is caused by reduced blood flow to an affected area due to a deep vein blood clot, which damages your veins. This damage can lead to painful swelling, discoloration, and sores.

Schedule an Appointment with Premier Heart & Vein Care

If you are experiencing symptoms of DVT or are at risk of developing this condition, don’t hesitate to schedule an appointment with Premier Heart & Vein Care in San Luis Obispo, CA. Dr Stevens can provide personalized treatment and preventative measures to help manage your condition. Contact us today at 805-540-3333 to schedule an appointment.

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